You should spend about 40 minutes on this topic.

Write about the following topic:

With the increasing use and development of new technology, many machines are now able to do the work which people used to perform.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience

Write at least 250 words.

Task 2 Model Answer

The advent of new technology has meant that nowadays, machines are more than capable of doing many of the tasks and jobs that people used to do. There are both advantages and disadvantages to this development.

One of the main advantages of having machines do work relates to speed and efficiency. Machines tend to be much fester and more efficient at doing repetitive type tasks such as those performed in factories. In addition, the human error factor is eliminated, further saving time and cost Also, although machines might require a more expensive initial outlay, their long-term usage is much more economical than paying human wages by the time factors such as sick leave, annual leave, and wasted time are included.

However, there are also several disadvantages. Machines cannot be used for every task, as often the “human touch” is necessary in completing certain tasks. For instance, a machine cannot as yet interface with a customer or client in the same way as a human employee. Nor can they create new ideas or concepts in the innovative way that people can. Machines are also unable to show initiative. In addition, many types of machinery require considerable and sometimes costly maintenance which can reduce their overall cost-effectiveness.

In conclusion, machinery certainly has its place in society, supporting and freeing up people’s work time so that they are able to concentrate on more interesting work and work to their strengths. However, machinery also has its limitations, and these need to be recognised in weighing up their advantages and disadvantages.

(256 words)

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