Speaking Part 3
Describe what you think is a healthy diet.
Developing healthy eating habit isn’t as confusing or as restrictive as many people imagine. Personally, a healthy diet is the one which combines enough nutrients for one’s life. Therefore, consuming a rich variety of food is very important because eating a wide assortment of foods helps ensure that you get all of the nutrients, especially the disease-fighting potential that foods offer.
Healthy diet (noun) A healthy diet is one that helps to maintain or improve overall health
Assortment (noun) a group or set of things of various types
Are there many vegetarians in your country?
Yes, they are. The number of people following vegetarianism has been increasing recently. It is thought that old people or those following a religious, like Buddhism, will be vegetarians; however, youngsters also join to vegetarian community because of many reasons.
Why do you think some people choose to be vegetarians?
People become vegetarians for many reasons, including health, religious convictions, concerns about animal welfare or the use of antibiotics and hormones in livestock, or a desire to eat in a way that avoids excessive use of environmental resources. Some people follow a largely vegetarian diet because they can’t afford to eat meat. Vegetarianism has become more appealing and accessible, thanks to the year-round availability of fresh produce, more vegetarian dining options, and the growing culinary influence of cultures with largely plant-based diets.
Animal welfare (noun) good care and living conditions for animals
Antibiotics (noun) a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by bacteria.
Livestock (noun) animals such as cows, sheep, and pigs that are kept on farms
Year-round (adj) happening, continuing, or available through the whole year
Produce (noun) food or other things that are grown in large quantities to be sold
Culinary (adj) relating to food and how to cook it
Is the food that people eat today in your country different to the food that people used to eat in the past? (if yes, in what ways has it changed?)
Personally, eating style of most people has changed recently. Significantly, food hygiene is mentioned everyday in news. Therefore, people are very cautious when they choose ingredients in reliable market/supermarket and cook properly. Those fat-free or low-fat food and veggies are more preferred in daily meal compared to in the past, choosing food were mostly based on interests.
Hygiene (noun) the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean, in order to prevent illness and disease
Fat-free (adj) containing no fat
Low-fat (adj) low-fat food contains only a small amount of fat
Veggie (n) a vegetable
How do you think the way we eat will change in the future?
Yes, I do. I think people nowadays pay more attention to healthy food because the awareness of health has been raised among young and old people. Therefore, it will be a remarkable innovation in food consumption in the future.
Is American-style ‘fast food’ popular in your country? (Why? Popular with whom?)
Due to the trend of globalization, fast food has become more and more popular such as KFC, Lotteria, Burger King or Domino. Why are those brands popular in our country? The first cause is needs of modern community which have intensive activities. In a family, both husband and wife have a tendency to have a job. Consequently, they do not have enough time to cook and the frequency of eating out increases. Secondly, efforts of fast food restaurant companies to enhance the nutritional quality of their products and services are also the cause of their popularity.
Have a tendency for something (phrase) an attitude, habit, or situation that is starting to develop in a particular way
Nutritional quality (phrase)
What do you think of this popularity- is it as good thing?
The popularity of fast food restaurants has certainly influenced some of the changes in the community. It brings benefits to this hectic life with its quick service and convenience place. Other than that, the increasing number of customers that come to restaurants became the reason for greater number of restaurant staff to be needed and the demand for restaurant personnel made it possible for more people to consider work in a restaurant as an attractive option. With this said, there are many more entry level job opportunities for people.
Hectic (adj) full of busy activity
Entry-level job (phrase) an entry-level job is at the lowest level in a company or organization
More and more people are becoming overweight nowadays. What do you think might be the causes of this?
One major consequence of eating fast food every day is excess calorie consumption. Most fast food contains calories from refined sugar and fats. It is also high in sodium from salt and other addictive substance which can cause someone to eat it more and more. Consuming more calories than human needs leads to obesity which causes some health problems such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and even cancer.
Refined sugar (noun) it comes from sugar cane or sugar beets, which are processed to extract the sugar
Fat (noun) fats (plural)
High in (adj) containing a lot of something
Addictive (adj) Causing or tending to cause addiction; habit-forming
Hypertension (noun) abnormally high blood pressure