The raw materials used to make glassware are silica and soda ash. Lead is added to make the glass crystal clear. When purchasing glassware, it should be ensured that it is completely transparent, free of air bubbles and not chipped. Glasses are measured in terms of capacity like ounces or centiliters. Restaurant glassware is usually plain except in specialty restaurants, where they may be colored.
Examples of Glassware
Some tips while handling glassware are
- Glasses should be stored inverted in single rows, with a paper on the shelf to avoid slippage.
- Racks with individual compartments for each glass is a better method for storage and transported. These racks are plastic or rubber lined.
- In a restaurant, glasses must be transported on trays with a tray cloth to avoid slippage.
- All glasses should be held at the base.
- Stem glasses should be inverted and held by the base of the stem.
- A clean dry cloth should be used.
- Immerse the glass in hot water and then wipe.
- As the bottom of the glass often gets white strains due to chlorination, lemon or vinegar has to be applied to remove the strain.
- Service glasses must be cleaned and held against a light before use for traces of smudges etc.
Parts of Glass
Types of Glassware
Glassware Holding Capacity Serving Capacity
Water Goblet 10 oz. 08 oz.
Red wine Glass 07 oz. 05 oz.
White Wine Glass 5.5 oz. 04 oz.
Champagne Tulip 08 oz. 06 oz.
Champagne Flute 08 oz. 06 oz.
Sherry Glass 3 oz. 02 oz.
Brandy Snifter/Balloon 08/09 oz. 30ml/60ml
Beer Goblet 14 oz. 12 oz.
Parfait Glass 05 oz. 04 oz.
Cocktail Glass 04 oz. 03 oz.
Champagne Saucer 06 oz. 04 oz.
Rolly Polly 11 oz. 09 oz.
Liqueur Glass 03 oz. 02 oz.
Old Fashioned Glass 11 oz. 09 oz.
Pool Glass 14 oz. 12 oz.
Tom Collin 14 oz. 12 oz.
Hi-Ball Glass 10 oz. 08 oz.
Juice Glass/Pony Tumbler 06 oz. 05 oz.
On the Rock Glass 11 oz. 09 oz.
Decanter (Small) 150ml.
Decanter (Medium) 300ml.
Decanter (Large) 500ml.
Tumblers, from left to right; Jigger or Shot glass, Old-fashioned or Rock glass, Highball, Collins, Cooler, Zombie, Pilsner.