Important Questions for ENGLISH-MGMT-XII

Important Questions for ENGLISH-MGMT-XII

  1. No.: 1 Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:         15

            Go into the coffee bar, sit down, relax and try to talk to someone. It may look to others as though you are wasting your time. It may even feel that way to you. But so long as you are doing this in a foreign country, where you speak the language badly or not at all, you are probably acquiring a new language better than you ever could by formal study with a teacher and a textbook.

            The social situation, properly used, beats the classroom hollow. It is full of native speakers asking you questions, telling you to do things, urging you to take an active part in conversation, and using gestures freely to make their intention clearer – justlike your parents did when you were an infant. So plunge in. All you have to do is talk balk.

            The proposition that infants can acquire languages by prolonged exposure to them is self-evidently true: it is the only way available to them. Older children and teenagers who move to a different country can pick up a new language with a speed that baffles their parents. But in adulthood we find ourselves envying our rare contemporaries who can still acquire languages easily.

There may be biological reasons why the capacity to learn languages falls away with age, even more than the capacity to learn other things. The brain maybe designed to do its best language-learning in infancy, and then to redeploy its resources at puberty. But psychological factors play a big part too. As we get older, we get more self-conscious, more inhibit, more dependent on other people's judgments. This process may undermine our capacity to acquire a new language, because language underpins our sense of personality and identity. We fear to make mistakes in it.

Stepen Krashen, an expert on second-language acquisition, makes a strong case for the dominance of psychological factors. According to him, people with outgoing personalities do best at learning a new language because 'they have the ego to make the necessary mistakes involved in learning'.

When we want to learn a new language in mid-life for reasons of career or curiosity, we commonly but wrongly tackle it with the sense of doing something difficult and unnatural. We turn to grammar books and compact discs expecting a fight. We are going to 'struggle' with the language. We will 'master' it, unless it defeats us. And that sort of attitude, it probably will.

All other things being equal, the better learner will be the person who is the most relaxed in conversation, and the most self-confident.

               Questions:

  1. What type of reader do you think would be most interested in this passage?
  2. Do you think the biological factors affect in the capacity of language learning?
  3. What is the finding of Stephen Krashen?
  4. Does the passage present facts, views or mix of the two?
  5. Give the text a suitable title, and justify it.
  6. No: 2Ask a question for each of the situation below using, ‘Have you ever..?’ 5
  7. a) I’ve travelled by train. Have you ever travelled by train?
  8. b) They asked me to help them.     c) They searched my bag last week.
  9. d) My friend locked me in the toilet once.
  10. e) Somebody has stolen my pen time and again.
  11. f)  I usually eat mo:mo as my snacks.
  1. No: 3Continue the remarks below with a sentence using ‘be (not) used to+ -ing’.      5
  2. a) The traffic doesn’t wake the street boy up at night….

                He’s used to sleeping in the street.

  1. b)He won’t mind if you stare at him….
  2. c)Ooh dear. I’ve got a stomach-ache….
  3. d)I get a bit lonely sometimes, now that she’s gone….
  4. e)She was quite surprised when I gave her some flowers….
  5. f)You can bring as many friends as you like home to dinner….
  1. No: 4 Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with

for, in by or until’.                                                                         [5]  

  1. a) They got the lunch ready ……… 12:30.
  2. b) He stayed in bed …..…. lunchtime.
  3. c) I dug the garden ………. a couple of hours.
  4. d) We discussed politics …….. 3 in the morning.
  5. e) They lived in Dharan ………. 5 years.
  1. No: 5Continue the following remarks withlook, sound, smell, taste, or feel’ + like .                                                                                        [5]
  2. a) Do you think this is tea?It tastes like coffee to me.
  3. b) This material is very soft. …..
  4. c) They have got similar faces. …….
  5. d) I wonder who has written this music. …..
  6. e) I don’t think this cake is home made. ……
  7. f) What are you preparing for our meal?..........

 

  1. No: 6 Join the following sentences together using a non-defining  relative clause.                                                                                     [5]
  2. a)Finally Brown (Willis had been sharing an office with him) decided to retire. 

    Finally Brown, with whom Willis had been sharing an office, decided to retire.

  1. b) Bibek (his parents had been in the theatre) decided to become an actor himself.
  2. c) He became quite fond of Central Prison (he had spent so much of his life there).
  3. d) The old house (the family had lived in it for 300 years) was finally sold.
  4. e) Mary noticed that he was wearing her ring (she had lost it five years before).
  5. f) In 2001 (he was still a student then) he joined the Congress party.

.

  1. No.: 7 How would you define the person who ………….                         [5]
  2.    a) thinks about himself?                      
  3. b) never loses his temper?
  4.   c) jokes about everything?                                
  5. d) gives away lots of money?
  6.   e) has high opinions of himself?
  1. No: 8 Write some paragraphs on ‘Life and Art’.                                    [10]
  1. No: 10. Write a couple of paragraphs narrating the events when either something exciting or embarrassing happened to you.                     [5]
  1. No.11. Write a magazine article describing the changes you would like to bring about in our education system.                                                  [5]
  2. No. 12 Answer ANY FIVE of the following questions:                 [3x5=15]
  3. Describe the relationship between Uncle Thomas and his wife.

       (A Story)

  1. Is death meaningful in the poem “Full Fathom Five Thy Father Lies”?
  2. When is the physical action replaced by the other kind?

                                                                                  (Travelling Through the Dark)

  1. What is wrong, in his view, with treeless Nepal?

      (Two Long Term Problems: ……..)

  1. Explain the title of the poem “The Lamentation of the Old Pensioner”.
  2. What are the effects of ‘unexpressed love’ on Anna and Alyohin?

                                                                                                (About Love)

  1. No. 13 Answer ANY ONE of the following:                             [10x1=10]
  2. What images does the poet use to describe his grandmother? What    senses do they appeal? Explain.                            (The Grandmother)
  3. What did the authors find in the exploration of the Karnali region?  Explain.                                             (Hurried Trip To Avoid A Bad Star)
  1. No.: 1 Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:         15

            Go into the coffee bar, sit down, relax and try to talk to someone. It may look to others as though you are wasting your time. It may even feel that way to you. But so long as you are doing this in a foreign country, where you speak the language badly or not at all, you are probably acquiring a new language better than you ever could by formal study with a teacher and a textbook.

            The social situation, properly used, beats the classroom hollow. It is full of native speakers asking you questions, telling you to do things, urging you to take an active part in conversation, and using gestures freely to make their intention clearer – justlike your parents did when you were an infant. So plunge in. All you have to do is talk balk.

            The proposition that infants can acquire languages by prolonged exposure to them is self-evidently true: it is the only way available to them. Older children and teenagers who move to a different country can pick up a new language with a speed that baffles their parents. But in adulthood we find ourselves envying our rare contemporaries who can still acquire languages easily.

There may be biological reasons why the capacity to learn languages falls away with age, even more than the capacity to learn other things. The brain maybe designed to do its best language-learning in infancy, and then to redeploy its resources at puberty. But psychological factors play a big part too. As we get older, we get more self-conscious, more inhibit, more dependent on other people's judgments. This process may undermine our capacity to acquire a new language, because language underpins our sense of personality and identity. We fear to make mistakes in it.

Stephen Krashen, an expert on second-language acquisition, makes a strong case for the dominance of psychological factors. According to him, people with outgoing personalities do best at learning a new language because 'they have the ego to make the necessary mistakes involved in learning'.

When we want to learn a new language in mid-life for reasons of career or curiosity, we commonly but wrongly tackle it with the sense of doing something difficult and unnatural. We turn to grammar books and compact discs expecting a fight. We are going to 'struggle' with the language. We will 'master' it, unless it defeats us. And that sort of attitude, it probably will.

All other things being equal, the better learner will be the person who is the most relaxed in conversation, and the most self-confident.

               Questions:

  1. What type of reader do you think would be most interested in this passage?
  2. Do you think the biological factors affect in the capacity of language learning?
  3. What is the finding of Stephen Krashen?
  4. Does the passage present facts, views or mix of the two?
  5. Give the text a suitable title, and justify it.
  6. No: 2 Ask a question for each of the situation below using,

Have you ever..?’                                                                          [5]

  1. a) I’ve travelled by train. Have you ever travelled by train?
  2. b) He asked me to help him.     c) They searched my home last week.
  3. d) My brother locked me in my study room once.
  4. e) Somebody has stolen my note copy.
  5. f)  I usually eat toast and omlete as my snacks.
  6. No: 3 Continue the remarks below with a sentence using

       ‘be (not) used to + -ing’.                                                             [5]

  1. a) The traffic doesn’t wake the street boy up at night….

                He’s used to sleeping in the street.

  1. g)My feet are killing me….
  2. h)Ooh dear. I’ve got a head-ache….
  3. i)I get a bit lonely sometimes, now that he’s gone….
  4. j)She was quite surprised when I gave her some flowers….
  5. k)I’m not surprised he’s out of breath….

     

  1. No: 4 Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with ‘for, in byoruntil’.    [5] 
  2. a) They talked on the telephone ……… 20 minutes.
  3. b) She painted the bathroom ceiling …..…. 6 o’ clock.
  4. c) We played basketball ………. the third period began.
  5. d) We discussed politics …….. 3 in the morning.
  6. e) They waited at the buspark ………. 5 hours.

     

  1. No: 5Continue the following remarks withlook, sound, smell, taste, or feel’ + like .                                                                                        [5]
  2. a) Do you think this is tea?It tastes like coffee to me.
  3. b) I wonder who has written this music. …..
  4. c) I don’t think this cake is home made. ……          
  5. d) What are you preparing for our meal?.......
  6. e) I’ve got something in my shoe ……………
  7. f) They have got similar faces. …….
  1. No: 6 Join the following sentences together using a non-defining

                  relative clause.                                                                                    [5]

  1. a)Finally Brown (Willis had been sharing an office with him) decided to retire. 

    Finally Brown, with whom Willis had been sharing an office, decided to retire.

  1. b) Bibek (his parents had been in the theatre) decided to become an actor himself.
  2. c) He became quite fond of Central Prison (he had spent so much of his life there).
  3. d) The old house (the family had lived in it for 300 years) was finally sold.
  4. e) Mary noticed that he was wearing her ring (she had lost it five years before).
  5. f) In 2001 (he was still a student then) he joined the Congress party.
  1. No.: 7 How would you define the person who ………….                    [5]
  2.    a) doesn’t boast?                      
  3. b) lets people down?
  4.     c) likes going to parties?                                 
  5. d) only thinks about himself?
  6.     e) doesn’t joke about anything?
  1. No: 10   write a couple of paragraphs narrating the events when either something exciting or embarrassing happened to you.              [5]

    Q.N.11. Write an essay on youth and age. (in above 250 words).            [10] Q. No: 12. Answer ANY FIVE questions in short:                           [5x3=15]

  1. Explain the meaning of ‘swerve’? Does the Speaker Swerve?

                                                                        (Travelling through the Dark)

  1. What is the central idea of the poem?

                                                         (The Lamentation of The Old Pensioner)

  1. What leads Nissani to the belief that the world is facing    overpopulation crisis?                                  (Two Long Term Problems:…..)
  2. Find the examples of onomatopoeia and alliteration in the poem and     explain the effect.                                                   (Full Fathom Five……)
  3. What isSilajit? What are its uses?                 (Hurried Trip to Avoid ……)
  4. How does the poet feel towards his grandmother?     (The Grandmother)
  1. No: 13. AnswerANY ONEof the following questions:          [1x10=10]
  2. Why is Alhoyin said to be running around ‘like a squirrel in a cage’?  Explain.                                                                      (About Love)
  3. Describe the outing made by Uncle Thomas and his friends.

               (A Story)

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